Modules in TypeScript allow you to organize and split your code across multiple files. You can use the export keyword to expose parts of your module to other modules.

// in math.ts
export function add(x: number, y: number): number {
    return x + y;

Once this module is defined, you can use it from another module in the same directory as follows:

// in main.ts
import { add } from './math';

You can also export a default export, if you have a main variable you want to export from a module. This is useful for modules which export a single class or function. For example:

// in Component.ts
export default function Component(): string {
    return "hello!";

To use the default export, use the following notation (without the curly braces):

// in main.ts
import Component from './Component';

Naming imports

TypeScript allows you to name imports. This is useful if you've already defined a variable in a local scope and you still want to import a variable from another module.

// let's import the implementations from the modules
import { add as notMyAdd } from './math';
import NotMyComponent from './Component';

// these are the local implementations in main.ts
function add(x: number, y: number): number {
    return x + y;

function Component(): string {
    return "hello!";

This example refers to add for the local implementation and notMyAdd as the implementation from math.ts.

Note that importing default values can simply be done using any variable name, as shown in the example above.


There is no exercise for this chapter.

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